GRAS‑Di system facilitates high‑density genetic map construction and QTL identification in recombinant inbred lines of the wheat progenitor Aegilops tauschii

Yuka Miki, Kentaro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Enoki, Shoya Komura, Kazuyo Suzuki, Minoru Inamori, Ryo Nishijima & Shigeo Takumi

Published online: December 8, 2020, Scientific reports 10, 21455 (2020)


Due to large and complex genomes of Triticeae species, skim sequencing approaches have cost and analytical advantages for detecting genetic markers and building linkage maps. Here, we develop a high‑density linkage map and identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for recombinant inbred lines of Aegilops tauschii, a D‑genome donor of bread wheat, using the recently developed genotyping by Random Amplicon Sequencing‑Direct (GRAS‑Di) system, which facilitates skimming of the large and complicated genome and generates a large number of genetic markers. The deduced linkage groups based on the GRAS‑Di genetic markers corresponded to the chromosome number of Ae. tauschii.We successfully identified stable QTLs for flowering time and spikelet shape‑related traits. Genotype differences of RILs at the QTL‑linked markers were significantly associated with the trait variations. In particular, one of the QTL‑linked markers for flowering time was mapped close to VRN3 (also known as FLOWERING LOCUS T), which controls flowering. The GRAS‑Di system is, therefore, an efficient and useful application for genotyping and linkage mapping in species with large and complex genomes, such as Triticeae species.

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